South Africa

FIRST EGYPTIAN NEWLY OPERATIONAL TYPE 209/1400 ATTACK SUBMARINE

The first submarine (S41) of a batch of four, arrived in Alexandria’s Ras El-Tin naval base on 19 April. The new submarine, manufactured by German company ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, sailed from the German city of Kiel at the end of March.

According to the Egyptian press, the Egyptian navy undertook exercises using the submarine on 18 April, ensuring its readiness to join the fleet.

Similar to the South African submarines, these submarines have a dived top speed of 21.5 knots. They are equipped to launch both missiles and torpedoes.

In May 2016, the US State Department agreed to sell to Egypt via a foreign military sales (FMS), twenty Harpoon UGM-84L Block-II encapsulated missiles at a cost of $143 million including services for five years. At the time, the DSCA (Defense Security and Defense Agency) indicated that these weapons were for supporting the Egyptian Navy’s Type 209 submarines.

Even if South African submarines are equipped with SUT 264 torpedoes, we could fairly think Egyptian boats might fire DM2-A3 torpedoes like Colombia, with its German Type 209/1200. Another option is the American Mk-48 torpedoe. Indeed, Egyptian Romero submarines have already Mk-48 Mod4M or Mk-48 Mod 6AT torpedoes in their inventory.

According to the German press, the second submarine (S42) is currently under trials. The agreement between Egyptian authorities and TKMS foresees that the two next units will be delivered from 2018 onwards.

Romero’s replacement program:

For over 15 years, Egypt has looked for replacing its Chinese Romero-class submarines delivered in 1983 and 1984.

Early in the 2000s, Egypt was keen to procure second-hand submarines. In December 2004, preliminary negotiations with Germany for the acquisition of Type 206A submarines Germany took place. Egyptian authorities were already interested to get up to four submarines. Other studied options included Greek Type 209/1100 submarines and even three Heroj-class submarines from Montenegro.

After several years of negotiations, due to the fact Germany already supplies Dolphin-class submarines to Israel, both governments reached an agreement in summer 2011 for 2+2 (2 and 2 in option) Type 209/1400 submarines for €920 million. In February 2014, rumours indicated that Egypt wanted to activate its option from TKMS for a cost of €500 million notwithstanding the alleged opposition of former Federal Minister of Economic Affairs and Energy, Sigmar Gabriel who vowed a much more cautious approach to licensing arms exports. In 2015, the German press unveiled the option was exercised.

Between 2011 and 2015, other rumours indicated Egypt was interested by Russian submarines into a wider package with aircrafts, artillery systems, etc.

 

Written by Julien Brugnetti for OIDA Strategic Intelligence

DENEL OVERBERG TEST RANGE – AFRICA’S PREMIUM AEROSPACE TEST FACILITY

The Denel Overberg Test Range, a division of South Africa’s largest government-owned defence manufacturer Denel, is a multi-purpose, fully integrated aircraft and missile flight test facility located on the South-Eastern coast of the Western Cape between Arniston and Cape Infanta. The facility performs a variety of tests offering technical capabilities, flexibility, and logistical support to clients with mobile instrumentation systems that can be deployed to prepared sites.

Specialising in air, ground, and sea flight tests the facility’s real-time graphic display can be configured with specific parameters for ultimate mission control. Offering, simultaneous tracking, aerospace clients can test advanced guided and aviation systems (up to five flying objects at the same time), demonstrating their weapon’s capabilities and operational performance over a wide spectrum of flight profiles. Results supplied include trajectories and miss distances, telemetry recording, photographic documentation, and meteorological profiles.

CLIENTS

South African clients include:

  • Denel Dynamics (Tested weapons include the GBADS-Ground-Based Air Defence System, A-Darter air-to-air missile, Umbani/Al Tariq guided bomb, Ingwe and Mokopa anti-tank missiles, Raptor glide bombs, and the Umkhonto surface-to-air missile).
  • Fuchs and Advanced Technologies and Engineering (Now Paramount Advanced Technologies).
  • Rheinmetall Denel Munition

Foreign clients include:

  • Aero Vodochody
  • BAE Systems
  • Diehl-BGT Defence (IRIS-T surface-to-air missile testing)
  • Italian Air Force
  • Luftwaffe – German Air Force (Tested Taurus air-to-ground missile)
  • MBDA (Mistral surface-to-air missile testing and Storm Shadow air-launched long range strike missile testing)
  • Republic of Singapore Air Force (Air defence exercises involving missiles)
  • SAAB (KEPD-350 air-launched long range strike missile testing)
  • Spanish Air Force
  • ST Aerospace
  • Tawazun Dynamics (Al-Tariq bomb)
  • Thales UK (Starstreak surface-to-air missile testing)
  • Turkish Navy (Live weapons firings of various missiles)

 

LOCATION

Ground Area: 70 km x 14 km (Total: 43 000 ha)

Flight Area: More than 240 km x 55 km, with no height limitation

Sea Area: Unlimited. 70 km x 30 km covered by electro-optical sensors.

The vast unrestricted test area boasts diverse terrain ranging from flat with dunes at the beaches in the west to a high rocky coastline in the east.

Western Sector

Suitable for low-level flying

Prepared air-to-ground target area (2000 x 4000 meters)

Location of office facilities, maintenance and storage areas, and main test operations control complex

Eastern Sector

Suitable for terrain-following trajectories

Impact area for longer-range weapons

 

DISTANCE

For long-range tests, a base leg of 70 km along the coast is available. Longer distances can be covered by electromagnetic instrumentation systems (radars and telemetry stations) and/or deployments of instrumentation systems on existing remote sites outside the area of the test range.

 

TESTS THAT CAN BE PERFORMED AT DENEL OVERBERG TEST RANGE DURING DEVELOPMENT OR OPERATIONAL EVALUATION AND CERTIFICATION:

  • Air to air tests
  • Air to surface (and or sea) tests
  • Surface to surface (land or sea) tests
  • Surface to air (land or sea) tests
  • Anti-tank tests (also from helicopter)
  • Assistance with aircraft performance, carriage and release clearance
  • Avionics evaluation and certification

 

RANGE INSTRUMENTATION:

  • Optical Systems
  • Telemetry Systems
  • Radar Systems
  • Metereology
  • Test Execution Systems
  • Communication Systems

 

TARGETS THAT CAN BE PROVIDED:

    • High and low speed target drones
    • Towed Targets
    • Parachute Targets
    • Heated Targets
    • Convoy Targets
    • Dry Impact Areas
    • Specially Built Structures

 

Written by Sylvia Caravotas (Satovarac Consulting) for OIDA

 

 

PARAMOUNT GROUP, THE NEW LEADER OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN DEFENCE INDUSTRY

Paramount Group was founded by African industrialist and businessman Ivor Ichikowitz in 1994 during South Africa’s transition. Over a 23-year period, Paramount has established itself as Africa’s largest independently-owned defence and aerospace business. At the onset of the new millennium, Paramount experienced a shift becoming a prime contractor selling surplus South African National Defence Force (SANDF) equipment. Fast-forward six years and we see the business delve into innovation by developing and launching the Marauder (armoured vehicle) in addition to acquiring a fleet of Mirage F1s from the South African Air Force (SAAF). Over the next few years, Paramount expanded into combat systems launching the Matador and Maverick armoured vehicles. More recent innovations include the Mbombe 6X6 in 2010, a high level ballistic and mine protected vehicle with a flat bottom hull. The Mbombe 6X6 was selected by the Jordanian Armed Forces in February 2015. The Mbombe series has continued to evolve with the launch of the Mbombe 8X8 in 2016.

With unprecedented growth, it was inevitable that Paramount would fully take to the skies by purchasing a stake in Aerosud and developing their aerospace offering with the launch of the AHRLAC concept (a light reconnaissance and counter-insurgency aircraft) in 2011. Paramount now has one of the strongest aerospace offerings in Africa comprising supersonic fighter aircraft solutions, air force establishment, systems integration, avionics, UAVs, sighting and mission sensors. The current construction of an aircraft factory set to produce the Mwari aircraft (AHRLAC) will be the most advanced of its kind in Africa.

Paramount continues to generously contribute towards veteran and conservation efforts. It has supported conservation efforts through aerial platforms, combat training programmes for park rangers, and the establishment of South Africa’s largest K9 facility that trains detection and ranger dogs for anti-poaching patrols. Paramount has donated several aircraft to national parks in Africa.

Collaboration is a large component of Paramount’s success and the future continues to look promising. Partnerships have been at the core of Paramount’s growth allowing the company to thrive in a highly competitive environment and to expand into markets beyond Africa with headquarters and facilities in Europe and Central Asia (Azerbaidjan and Kazakhstan mainly) and local manufacturing partners in the Middle East (especially in Jordan).

PARAMOUNT GROUP PROFILE

FOUNDED: 1994

HEADQUARTERS:

  • Midrand, South Africa
  • Cyprus, Europe
  • Kazakhstan, Central Asia

FACILITIES: 16

April 2015: Modernises production facility in Isando to 25 000 m².

June 2015: Develops state-of-the-art naval vessel production facility in Cape Town.

January 2016: Production commences at new 15 000 m² armoured vehicle factory Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering in Kazakhstan.

June 2016: AHRLAC production facility under construction.

EMPLOYEES: Over 3000

REVENUE: Paramount does not divulge its finances, but it has been reported that its revenue is approaching $1 billion, if not at that mark already.

COMPLIANCE: Paramount works in accordance with international compliance regulations and governments in good standing with the UN and the international community.

PARTNERS:

  • Aerosud (part of Paramount Group, supplies parts to Boeing and Airbus)
  • Airbus Group
  • Armor Group (USA)
  • Aselsan
  • Ashok Leyland (for Indian market)
  • Austal
  • BAE Systems
  • Boeing
  • DCNS (nowadays very limited)
  • Griffon Hoverwork
  • Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering
  • KADDB Investment Group
  • Leonardo
  • Martin-Baker
  • Navantia
  • Paramount Aerospace Azerbaijan
  • Pilatus
  • Pratt & Whitney (for AHRLAC)
  • QinetiQ
  • Safran
  • Spirit Aerosystems
  • Thales
  • Zodiac Aerospace

ACQUISITIONS

2013: Industrial and Automotive Design (IAD), Advanced Technologies & Engineering (ATE), and Nautic Africa.

September 2014: Acquisition of Aerosud Aerospace Systems (now Paramount Aerospace).

Veecraft Marine was acquired through Paramount subsidiary Nautic Africa, providing Paramount with the means to build vessels from eight to more than a hundred metres in length.

April 2015: Acquired DCD Protected Mobility’s manufacturing facility in Isando, South Africa and some industrial assets to significantly increase the production capacity of its armoured vehicle range with a potential output of 400 vehicles per year. Paramount Combat Systems became the new name of the group’s expanded Land Systems business unit.

October 2016: Acquisition of Austral Marine.

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

July 2014: MOU signed with Boeing to jointly develop opportunities in key international markets. Platforms being explored under the collaboration include various Boeing rotorcraft, unmanned aerial systems and related support services, as well as Paramount’s portfolio of land vehicles and aerospace systems capabilities.

September 2014: Acquired Veecraft. Signed MOUs with Aselsan.

February 2015: MOU signed with Ukraine’s Motor Sich JSC for helicopter modernisations.

March 2016: Boeing and Paramount Group signed an agreement to cooperate on an advanced mission system for a variant of the Advanced, High Performance, Reconnaissance, Light Aircraft (AHRLAC). Under the agreement, Boeing will develop a mission system for Mwari, the military variant of AHRLAC. It will also provide training and through-life support.

September 2016: MOU signed with The Armored Group (TAG) for the promotion of vehicles in selected markets.

CAPABILITIES

LAND

  • MBOMBE 8 (8X8 INFANTRY COMBAT VEHICLE)
  • MBOMBE 6 (6X6 INFANTRY COMBAT VEHICLE)
  • MBOMBE 4 (4X4 INFANTRY COMBAT VEHICLE)
  • MARAUDER (ARMOURED PERSONNEL CARRIER)
  • MAVERICK (INTERNATIONAL SECURITY VEHICLE)
  • MATADOR (ARMOURED PERSONNEL CARRIER)

SEA

  • 8.5M GUARDIAN (HIGH SPEED PATROL AND INTERCEPTION VESSEL)
  • 11M GUARDIAN (HIGH SPEED PATROL AND INTERCEPTION VESSEL)
  • 15M GUARDIAN (FAST RESPONSE VESSEL)
  • 17M SENTINEL (CREW AND PATROL VESSEL)
  • 22M SENTINEL (CREW AND PATROL VESSEL)
  • 24M SENTINEL (CREW AND PATROL VESSEL)
  • 58M FRONTIER (PATROL VESSEL)
  • 85M FRONTIER (OFFSHORE PATROL VESSEL)
  • 8.5M SILVER SURFER (UNMANNED SURFACE VEHICLE)

AIR

  • MWARI (LIGH RECONAISSANCE AND ATTACK AIRCRAFT)
  • SUPER 17 (TACTICAL TRANSPORT HELICOPTER)
  • NIGHT HAWK (MI-24 HELICOPTER GUNSHIP)
  • MIRAGE F1 (FIGHTER AIRCRAFT)
  • MWEWE (UAV SYSTEM)
  • ROADRUNNER (UAV SYSTEM)
  • VULTURE (UAV SYSTEM)
  • CIVET (UAV SYSTEM)

MISSION SYSTEMS

  • PAT HMSD (HELMET MOUNTED SIGHTING DISPLAY)
  • FLASH (MULTI-PLATFORM MISSION SYSTEMS)
  • LIGHT ATTACH MISSION SYSTEM
  • FIGHTER JET MODERNISATION
  • SIGHTING SYSTEMS
  • ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS

 

Written by Sylvia Caravotas (Satovarac Consulting) for OIDA

 

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ADDRESS

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455, Promenade des Anglais
06206 Nice cedex 3, France
Website: https://oidagroup.com
Email: contact@oidagroup.com

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